Sofia is the biggest city in Bulgaria and the capital of the country. The city is situated on the northern slope of the Vitosha Mountains and dates back more than 7000 years, which makes it one of the oldest cities in Europe. Even today in the city center continue to discoverobjects from the Neolithic human remains from the Stone and Bronze Age. The thermalsprings are the main reason for settlements from antiquity. One of the main landmarks is“St. Alexander Nevski” cathedral, which was built after the design of Russian architect Al.Pomerantsev between 1904 and 1912. The cathedral is a five-ship basilica in neo-byzantinestyle crowned with a few golden domes, the biggest of which is 45 meters tall. In the cryptthere is a valuable exposition of ancient icons.
In Boyana, residential area of Sofia situated at the foot of Vitosha Mountains, is the famousBoyana Church, included in the List of World Heritage by UNESCO in 1979. The oldest parts of the church date back to the X-XI century. The most valuable frescos made by Boyana’s master – artist dates from 1259. They are characterized by individuality, compelling psychological characteristics and vitality. The tourists who are interested in Bulgarian history by all means have to visit the National museum situated nearby in the same residential area. The museum is the biggest in Bulgaria and there are the famous Thracian treasures.
The city combines the numerous monuments, churches and museums together with modern buildings and restored old ones thus Sofia becomes a truly European city with an ancient culture.